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from enlightenment to entanglement

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from enlightenment to entanglement

As we enter the third decade of the 21st century, it’s time to query our establishments of governance and commerce that principally originated through the 18th century Enlightenment. Linearity and Cartesian logic should not appropriate for a linked and sophisticated world. To change our programs, first now we have to perceive them, and the place they got here from. This is the good societal studying problem  as we speak — sensemaking in a networked world. Our present schooling and coaching programs should not designed for this activity. We have to determine this out collectively, outdoors the ‘system’.

About 500 years in the past a brand new communications know-how got here alongside and altered the face of Europe — print. The Protestant Reformation noticed the rise of non secular wars, which had been later adopted by the scientific revolution and the Enlightenment. An age of exploration adopted, which introduced not simply gold and silver to the coffers of Europe, however new meals resembling potatoes from the Americas, to gasoline the Industrial Revolution. These new meals elevated the inhabitants and in flip introduced concerning the demise of the indigenous individuals of the Americas.

Print was the latest communications know-how to shift society. It was preceded by the written phrase.

All forager-hunter societies had been oral cultures, steeped in mythological consciousness. The nice hydraulic agricultural civilizations had been organized round writing and gave rise to theological consciousness. Print know-how turned the communication medium to set up the myriad actions of the coal- and steam-powered first Industrial Revolution, 200 years in the past. Print communication additionally led to a change from theological to ideological consciousness through the Enlightenment. In the 20th century, digital communications turned the command and management mechanism to handle a second industrial revolution, primarily based on the oil economic system and the auto. Electronic communication spawned a brand new psychological consciousness.

Today we’re on the verge of one other seismic shift. Distributed data and communication applied sciences are converging with distributed renewable energies, creating the infrastructure for a 3rd industrial revolution. In the 21st century, lots of of tens of millions of individuals will rework their buildings into energy vegetation to harvest renewable energies on-site, retailer these energies within the type of hydrogen, and share electrical energy with one different throughout continental grids that act very similar to the Internet. The open-source sharing of power will give rise to collaborative power areas, not not like the collaborative social areas on the Internet.

The third industrial revolution paves the way in which for biosphere consciousness. —The Third Industrial Revolution

But every revolution is totally different. We might discern some patterns from the previous however our present challenges — as we shift to an electric-digital-networked age — are distinctive.

“There are three major differences between our networked age and the era that followed the advent of European printing. First, and most obviously, our networking revolution is much faster and more geographically extensive than the wave of revolutions unleashed by the German printing press … Secondly, the distributional consequences of our revolution are quite different from those of the early-modern revolution … The printing press created no billionaires … Nevertheless, few people foresaw that the giant networks made possible by the Internet, despite their propaganda about the democratization of knowledge, would be so profoundly inegalitarian. A generation removed from the conflict — the baby boomers — had failed to learn the lesson that it is not unregulated networks that reduce inequality but wars, revolutions, hyperinflation, and other forms of expropriation … Third, and finally, the printing press had the effect of disrupting religious life in Western Christendom before it disrupted anything else. By contrast, the Internet began by disrupting commerce; only very recently did it begin to disrupt politics and it has really only disrupted one religion, namely Islam.” —The Square and the Tower

We reside in a time the place know-how offers immense potential for human communications however we lack the organizational buildings to make the most of this. Faith sooner or later is low, particularly in democratic and developed nations. An Ipsos Public Affairs survey in 2016 confirmed {that a} majority of individuals in nations such because the USA, France, Sweden, and Germany typically really feel that their governing establishments are ‘off on the wrong track’.

Ipsos Public Affairs Survey 2016

The Enlightenment is over. Reason and linear pondering have gotten out of date. But none of our establishments, together with our markets, are designed for what’s to come.

In the final age, the Age of Enlightenment, we discovered that nature adopted legal guidelines. By understanding these legal guidelines, we might predict and manipulate. We invented science. We discovered to break the code of nature and thus empowered, we started to form the world within the pursuit of our personal happiness … With our newfound data of pure legal guidelines we orchestrated incredible chains of causes and impact in our political, authorized, and financial programs in addition to in our mechanisms. Our philosophies neatly separated man and nature, thoughts and matter, trigger and impact. We discovered to management. —The Enlightenment is Dead …

The coming age — the Entanglement — would require meta-modern thinking and new structures for a linked world.

Unlike the Enlightenment, the place progress was analytic and got here from taking issues aside, progress within the Age of Entanglement is artificial and comes from placing issues collectively. Instead of classifying organisms, we assemble them. Instead of discovering new worlds, we create them. And our means of creation may be very totally different. Think of the canonical picture of collaboration through the Enlightenment: fifty-five white males in powdered wigs sitting in a Philadelphia room, writing the foundations of the American Constitution. Contrast that with a picture of the worldwide collaboration that constructed the Wikipedia, an interconnected doc that’s too massive and too quickly altering for any single contributor to even learn. … As we have gotten extra entangled with our applied sciences, we’re additionally changing into extra entangled with one another. The energy (bodily, political, and social) has shifted from understandable hierarchies to less-intelligible networks. —… Long Live the Entanglement

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