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Arctic expedition to investigate ‘epicentre of climate change’

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People board the Arctic analysis expedition ship RV Polarstern in Breivika harbour in Tromso, Norway, September 20, 2019. REUTERS/Ints Kalnins

TROMSOE, Norway (Reuters) – Scientists from 19 international locations are making ready to embark on a year-long expedition to the Arctic, the longest mission of its sort, to higher perceive world climate change.

The icebreaker Polarstern is making ready to set sail from Tromsoe in northern Norway, permitting a whole lot of rotating researchers to spend the subsequent yr shut to the north pole.

“We want to go to the Arctic because it’s the epicentre of climate change,” Markus Rex, an atmospheric scientist on the Alfred Wegener Institute in Germany who leads the mission, advised Reuters.

The expedition, known as Mosaic, is the primary alternative climate researchers have had to research the Arctic through the winter season because it has lacked needed icebreaker gear.

“We don’t understand the climate system in the Arctic well because we have never been there in winter,” Rex mentioned.

The scientists will for the primary time give you the chance to observe the important thing climate processes within the central Arctic yr spherical, within the hope they are going to be in a position to generate extra strong climate predictions sooner or later.

“So far the climate models all have to guess somewhat about how these processes work in the central Arctic,” Rex mentioned.

Writing by Victoria Klesty in Oslo; Editing by Steve Orlofsky

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